king of dahomey

In addition to saving rent, the space allowed easy surveillance of its host. Under his rule Dahomey reached the high point of its power and fame, capturing most of its neighbours and demanding tribute from the rest. In 1878, the Kingdom of Dahomey agreed to the French making the city of Cotonou into a protectorate; although taxation of the King of Dahomey was to remain in effect. Corrections? The king did not go mad, but far from his lands, his life was not that of a happy man either. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and improve your knowledge base. The local newspapers relayed this information with an allocation reduced from the equivalent of 60 to 12 francs per day. Kojo Tovalou Houénou (1887–1936), who claimed to be a prince of Dahomey but had lived most of his life in France, became a major critic of the French colonial empire founded the Ligue Universelle pour la Défense de la Race Noire to push for recognition of Africans as full citizens of the French state. Agaja realised the power of modern weaponry and wanted to amass an armoury of advanced European weaponry, mainly from the traders on the Gulf of Guinea. When one brother won control of Allada, the other two left with their factions and armies and founded Porto-Novo and Abomey. In 1889, King Glele died and his son Béhanzin came to power and immediately became quite hostile to the French in negotiations. This gave him access to a massive armory of advanced weaponry uncommon in all of Africa. From 1833 onwards the market for slaves started to shrink. His former kingdom was absorbed into the French colony of Dahomey, with its capital at Porto-Novo. Historic kingdom of Dahomey, western Africa. Each male official in the field had a female counterpart at court who monitored his activities and advised the king. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Today, I am talking to you about the 12 years of forced exile from Behanzin to Fort-de-France. Areas under rule and the administration of the Kingdom of Dahomey, Dahomey started off with just one city state, Abomey. Prior to the centralisation of the kingdom of Dahomey, the evidence suggests that the Abomey plateau was settled by a number of small tribes, commonly known as the Gedevi. (1998). King Agaja, grandson of Houegbadja, came to the throne in 1718 and began significant expansion of the Kingdom of Dahomey. According to tradition, at the beginning of the 17th century three brothers vied for the kingdom of Allada, which, like neighbouring Whydah (now Ouidah), had grown rich on the slave trade. He also gave up his opposition to the slave trade, though he did insist on a royal monopoly. The Fly faction, in contrast, was a loose collection of palm oil producers and some chieftains, which supported accommodation with Abeokuta and the British in order to expand palm oil trade. Béhanzin (Gbêhanzin) Hossu Bowelle or the ‘ King Shark ‘ was one the most powerful kings in West Africa at the turn of the 19th century. This ensured that women were given the respect they deserved. Dodds named Agoli-agbo the new king of Dahomey, largely because he was seen as the most malleable of the alternatives, and exiled Béhanzin to French possessions in the Caribbean. Since the only thing holding Dahomey in power was its military, the collapse of the kingdom soon followed. His father died in December 1889. They were treated with the same dignity and respect as their male counterparts. The political and economic hierarchies of Dahomey have remained crucial in post-independence Dahomey and Benin. Siret : 823 193 388 00019 Code APE : 9609Z, Cliquez pour partager sur Twitter(ouvre dans une nouvelle fenêtre), Cliquez pour partager sur Facebook(ouvre dans une nouvelle fenêtre), Cliquez pour partager sur LinkedIn(ouvre dans une nouvelle fenêtre), Voir le profil de jessica-pierre-louis-2b0a87112/ sur LinkedIn, –> Lire la version française de cet article, Behanzin, king of Dahomey: 12 years of forced exile in Martinique #2/2 from Villa les Bosquets to Blida, Martinique. Under King Agaja (reigned…

However, even with this, the empire was a significant player in the slave trade supplying up to 20% of the total slave trade and providing the largest portion of revenue for the king. ( Déconnexion /  The king also had a separate group of elite female warriors who were called the Amazons by the Europeans due to their sheer skill and strength in warfare. Although, Britain did not outlaw slavery in its colonies until 1833 with the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833. Slaves were either sold to the Europeans in exchange for weapons or kept to work the royal plantations that supplied food for the army and court. Following the death of Agaja in 1740, the empire was defined by significant political struggle (although limited largely to within the palace walls) and deepening engagement with the slave trade. After the accession of Behanzin (1889–94) hostilities were precipitated. In 1844, Dahomey and Abeokuta went to war and Abeokuta was victorious. © 2020, Think Africa. We are delivering a more equal and fairer world of work. The soldiers were trained from the age of seven where they trained under senior soldiers and joined the army after sufficient training and experience. He managed to hold the French back for 5 years, but a depleted treasury and the might of the French navy proved too much for him, and a French expedition under Col. Alfred-Amédée Dodds defeated the Dahomeyans and Behanzin was deported to the West Indies. In the late 18th century, Oyo put pressure onto Dahomey to reduce its participation in the slave trade (largely to protect its own slave trade) and Dahomey complied by limiting some of the slave trade. This amounted roughly to 10,000 square kilometres (or 3,900 square miles). As a result, Ghezo named de Sousa the chacha or viceroy of trade in Whydah providing him with significantly more power and money (the title chacha remains an important honorary position in Whydah to this day). Kondo, 45 years old, then ascended the throne and was led to rule over Dahomey; he took the name Behanzin Aïdjéré.

Politically, the debate became centred around two political factions: the Elephant and the Fly. A society where women were both respected and feared, they were responsible for oversight of male employees working in each sector and played advisory roles to the king. Updates? Crucial in Ghezo’s rise to power was the financial and military assistance of Francisco Félix de Sousa, a prominent Brazilian slave trader located in Whydah. Gezo, king of Dahomey (1851) Titre; Roi d'Abomey; 1818 – 1858 [1] Prédécesseur Adandozan: Successeur Glélé : Biographie; Dynastie: Rois d'Abomey Père Agonglo: Mère Na Agontimé (Maria Jesuina ? The brother who founded Abomey was Do-Aklin, and Abomey was the beginning of the Dahomey Kingdom. Want to read more? Dahomey (also called Abomey, after its capital city) was the state of the Fon people. Ce site utilise Akismet pour réduire les indésirables.

Horizon Caraïbe, imp. Agaja, also spelled Agadja, (born c. 1673—died 1740, Allada, Dahomey [now Benin]), third ruler of the West African kingdom of Dahomey (1708–40), who was able to extend his kingdom southward to the coast and who consolidated and centralized it through important administrative reforms.

( Déconnexion /  Avertissez-moi par e-mail des nouveaux commentaires. du Malfini National Film and Television School (NFTS). However, he turned his forces on the army of Allada and took over the city, relocating his capital from Abomey to Allada. A few partitions added in a building made it possible to form rooms in order to house Behanzin. To do this, I will develop chronologically what his life and that of his relatives may have been, relying in particular on the press (with all that this requires caution as regards content).

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