Pacific languages, along with North and South American, have just 1,000 speakers each on average. Benefits of Indigenous language learning Cognitive benefits of second language learning: Research shows that second language instruction improves overall school performance, cognitive development, problem solving, and creativity.

A mixed language often refers to a particular combination of existing ones, which may stem from different families: a pidgin is a simple language used for communication between groups; this may involve simplification and/or mixing of multiple languages. The online edition of the Atlas is complementary to the print edition It does not reproduce the regional and thematic chapters of the print version, but it offers additional information on the listed endangered languages. Combined, they account for nearly 2/3 of the world's languages.

To learn more, check out our guide on the countries with the most languages. Similarly, Chinese is sometimes viewed as a single language because of a shared culture and common literary language. By contrast, Pacific languages – which account for 18.5% of the world’s languages – are spoken by so few people that the region barely even registers on our population graphic below. The top eleven languages have additional figures from the 2010 edition of the Nationalencyklopedin. An indigenous language or autochthonous language, is a language that is native to a region and spoken by indigenous people. Only half this many use Belarusian as their home language. Asia has the most indigenous languages, closely followed by Africa. Download of MP3 audio files in 1600 language combinations. The Ethnologue's most recent list of languages by number of speakers; Languages Spoken by More Than 10 Million People (Archived 2009-10-31) – Encarta list, based on data from Ethnologue, but some figures (e.g. There are 195 countries in the world, but a staggering 7000 living languages. It is also common to describe various Chinese dialect groups, such as Mandarin, Wu and Yue, as languages, even though each of these groups contains many mutually unintelligible varieties. But together, they represent more than a third of our world’s languages. We help our clients identify languages, find where they’re spoken, get population estimates, and more. Myriad factors – terrain, cultural history, the spread of ancient civilizations – play into how many languages have originated within a certain area. ", "Classification linguistique des langues signées non vocalement", Comparative Swadesh list tables of various language families, Indigenous language families and isolates, Etymological Dictionary of the Altaic Languages, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_language_families&oldid=982297587, Articles needing additional references from March 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from May 2019, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Europe, the Americas, Francophone Africa, parts of Asia, reconstructed common ancestor of all living languages, all languages in the Americas which do not belong to the, A dozen languages on west coast of North America.

In fact, more than twice the number of languages spoken across Europe can be found in Papua New Guinea alone. Beyond these language families, there exist many isolates, including: The following is a list of proposed language families, which connect established families into larger genetic groups; support for these proposals varies; the Dené–Yeniseian languages for example, are a recent proposal which has been generally well received, whereas reconstructions of the Proto-World language are often viewed as fringe science; proposals which are themselves based on other proposals have the likelihood of their parts noted in parentheses. UNESCO Interactive Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com. Updated estimates from 2010 are also provided.[11]. Map of World Languages. However, all such rankings should be used with caution, because it is not possible to devise a coherent set of linguistic criteria for distinguishing languages in a dialect continuum. Some countries have hundreds of languages. [6], The following languages are listed as having at least 10 million first language speakers in the 2019 edition of Ethnologue, a language reference published by SIL International, which is based in the United States. Language isolates are languages which are not part of any known family and they can be alternatively described as being its sole representants. Ethnologue 22 (2019) lists the following families as containing at least 1% of the 7,111 known languages in the world: Glottolog 4.0 (2019) lists the following as the largest families, of 8494 languages: Language counts can vary significantly depending on what is considered a dialect; for example Lyle Campbell counts only 27 Otomanguean languages, although he, Ethnologue and Glottolog also disagree as to which languages belong in the family.

Ethnologue: Languages of the World. While the vast majority of tongues fit this description fairly well, there are exceptions. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Indigenous Languages At present, 96 per cent of the world’s approximately 6,700 languages are spoken by only 3 per cent of the world’s population. But how many people actually speak them?

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Pacific languages, along with North and South American, have just 1,000 speakers each on average. Benefits of Indigenous language learning Cognitive benefits of second language learning: Research shows that second language instruction improves overall school performance, cognitive development, problem solving, and creativity.

A mixed language often refers to a particular combination of existing ones, which may stem from different families: a pidgin is a simple language used for communication between groups; this may involve simplification and/or mixing of multiple languages. The online edition of the Atlas is complementary to the print edition It does not reproduce the regional and thematic chapters of the print version, but it offers additional information on the listed endangered languages. Combined, they account for nearly 2/3 of the world's languages.

To learn more, check out our guide on the countries with the most languages. Similarly, Chinese is sometimes viewed as a single language because of a shared culture and common literary language. By contrast, Pacific languages – which account for 18.5% of the world’s languages – are spoken by so few people that the region barely even registers on our population graphic below. The top eleven languages have additional figures from the 2010 edition of the Nationalencyklopedin. An indigenous language or autochthonous language, is a language that is native to a region and spoken by indigenous people. Only half this many use Belarusian as their home language. Asia has the most indigenous languages, closely followed by Africa. Download of MP3 audio files in 1600 language combinations. The Ethnologue's most recent list of languages by number of speakers; Languages Spoken by More Than 10 Million People (Archived 2009-10-31) – Encarta list, based on data from Ethnologue, but some figures (e.g. There are 195 countries in the world, but a staggering 7000 living languages. It is also common to describe various Chinese dialect groups, such as Mandarin, Wu and Yue, as languages, even though each of these groups contains many mutually unintelligible varieties. But together, they represent more than a third of our world’s languages. We help our clients identify languages, find where they’re spoken, get population estimates, and more. Myriad factors – terrain, cultural history, the spread of ancient civilizations – play into how many languages have originated within a certain area. ", "Classification linguistique des langues signées non vocalement", Comparative Swadesh list tables of various language families, Indigenous language families and isolates, Etymological Dictionary of the Altaic Languages, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_language_families&oldid=982297587, Articles needing additional references from March 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from May 2019, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Europe, the Americas, Francophone Africa, parts of Asia, reconstructed common ancestor of all living languages, all languages in the Americas which do not belong to the, A dozen languages on west coast of North America.

In fact, more than twice the number of languages spoken across Europe can be found in Papua New Guinea alone. Beyond these language families, there exist many isolates, including: The following is a list of proposed language families, which connect established families into larger genetic groups; support for these proposals varies; the Dené–Yeniseian languages for example, are a recent proposal which has been generally well received, whereas reconstructions of the Proto-World language are often viewed as fringe science; proposals which are themselves based on other proposals have the likelihood of their parts noted in parentheses. UNESCO Interactive Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com. Updated estimates from 2010 are also provided.[11]. Map of World Languages. However, all such rankings should be used with caution, because it is not possible to devise a coherent set of linguistic criteria for distinguishing languages in a dialect continuum. Some countries have hundreds of languages. [6], The following languages are listed as having at least 10 million first language speakers in the 2019 edition of Ethnologue, a language reference published by SIL International, which is based in the United States. Language isolates are languages which are not part of any known family and they can be alternatively described as being its sole representants. Ethnologue 22 (2019) lists the following families as containing at least 1% of the 7,111 known languages in the world: Glottolog 4.0 (2019) lists the following as the largest families, of 8494 languages: Language counts can vary significantly depending on what is considered a dialect; for example Lyle Campbell counts only 27 Otomanguean languages, although he, Ethnologue and Glottolog also disagree as to which languages belong in the family.

Ethnologue: Languages of the World. While the vast majority of tongues fit this description fairly well, there are exceptions. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Indigenous Languages At present, 96 per cent of the world’s approximately 6,700 languages are spoken by only 3 per cent of the world’s population. But how many people actually speak them?

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list of indigenous languages in the world

Hindi and Urdu are often classified as standardized registers of a single, Defined at the national border with different writing systems rather than by language, Mikael Parkvall, "Världens 100 största språk 2007" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007), in, List of languages by total number of speakers, List of languages by number of native speakers in India, List of languages by the number of countries in which they are recognized as an official language, List of sign languages by number of native signers, "Evaluating language statistics: the Ethnologue and beyond", "World Population Clock: 7.7 Billion People (2019) - Worldometers", Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues – 2000, most recent list of languages by number of speakers, Languages Spoken by More Than 10 Million People. This web edition of the Ethnologue may be cited as:  Eberhard, David M., Gary F. Simons, and Charles D. Fennig (eds.). Languages are considered unclassified either because, for one reason or another, little effort has been made to compare them with other languages or more commonly, because they are too poorly documented to permit reliable classification: most such languages are extinct and, most likely, will never be known well enough to classify. For example, a language is often defined as a set of varieties that are mutually intelligible, but independent national standard languages may be considered to be separate languages even though they are largely mutually intelligible, as in the case of Danish and Norwegian. [2] Indigenous languages are not necessarily national languages (but they can be; cf. [4] In some areas, there is no reliable census data, the data is not current, or the census may not record languages spoken, or record them ambiguously. It also includes language isolates, unclassified languages and other types. Ethnologue is the research center for language intelligence. The classification of languages into families, assumes that all of them develop from a single parent proto-language and evolve over time into different daughter language(s). What are the top 200 most spoken languages. for Arabic) widely vary from it; Map of World Languages. This language is from a linguistically distinct community that originated in the area. Extinct families and unclassified languages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of languages by number of native speakers, Undeciphered -k language of ancient Yemen, Language isolate#List of language isolates by continent, "What are the largest language families? African click-consonant languages that do not belong to any other macrophyla. Bubble chart of languages by proportion of native speakers worldwide[11], Languages with at least 50 million first-language speakers, millions (according to: Ethnologue[13]). • Bilingual children have increased metalinguistic awareness, or knowledge ‘about’ languages. Numbers above 95 million are rounded off to the nearest 5 million. Families with more than 30 languages are in, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 08:51. The vast majority of us use Asian or European languages, which may not be surprising given the sheer population of certain areas as well as colonial expansion in recent centuries. The following is a list of language families. [7], The following table contains the top 100 languages by estimated number of native speakers in the 2007 edition of the Swedish encyclopedia Nationalencyklopedin. Aymara, which is an official language of Bolivia) and national languages are not necessarily indigenous to the country. While Arabic is sometimes considered a single language centred on Modern Standard Arabic, other authors describe its mutually unintelligible varieties as separate languages. This section lists extinct languages and families which have no known living relatives; while a minority of these is well known but is still classified as genetically independent (like the ancient Sumerian language), the lack of attestation makes many of these hard to put into larger groups. Phyla with historically wide geographical distributions but comparatively few current-day speakers include Eskimo–Aleut, Na-Dené, Algic, Quechuan and Nilo-Saharan. The geographic headings over them are meant solely as a tool for grouping families into collections, more comprehensible than an unstructured list of a few hundred independent families. Sometimes speaker populations are exaggerated for political reasons, or speakers of minority languages may be under-reported in favour of a national language. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Download of MP3 audio files in 1600 language combinations. 2020. Above we see where languages come from – mostly in Africa, Asia, and the Pacific. Conversely, many commonly accepted languages, including German, Italian and even English, encompass varieties that are not mutually intelligible.

Pacific languages, along with North and South American, have just 1,000 speakers each on average. Benefits of Indigenous language learning Cognitive benefits of second language learning: Research shows that second language instruction improves overall school performance, cognitive development, problem solving, and creativity.

A mixed language often refers to a particular combination of existing ones, which may stem from different families: a pidgin is a simple language used for communication between groups; this may involve simplification and/or mixing of multiple languages. The online edition of the Atlas is complementary to the print edition It does not reproduce the regional and thematic chapters of the print version, but it offers additional information on the listed endangered languages. Combined, they account for nearly 2/3 of the world's languages.

To learn more, check out our guide on the countries with the most languages. Similarly, Chinese is sometimes viewed as a single language because of a shared culture and common literary language. By contrast, Pacific languages – which account for 18.5% of the world’s languages – are spoken by so few people that the region barely even registers on our population graphic below. The top eleven languages have additional figures from the 2010 edition of the Nationalencyklopedin. An indigenous language or autochthonous language, is a language that is native to a region and spoken by indigenous people. Only half this many use Belarusian as their home language. Asia has the most indigenous languages, closely followed by Africa. Download of MP3 audio files in 1600 language combinations. The Ethnologue's most recent list of languages by number of speakers; Languages Spoken by More Than 10 Million People (Archived 2009-10-31) – Encarta list, based on data from Ethnologue, but some figures (e.g. There are 195 countries in the world, but a staggering 7000 living languages. It is also common to describe various Chinese dialect groups, such as Mandarin, Wu and Yue, as languages, even though each of these groups contains many mutually unintelligible varieties. But together, they represent more than a third of our world’s languages. We help our clients identify languages, find where they’re spoken, get population estimates, and more. Myriad factors – terrain, cultural history, the spread of ancient civilizations – play into how many languages have originated within a certain area. ", "Classification linguistique des langues signées non vocalement", Comparative Swadesh list tables of various language families, Indigenous language families and isolates, Etymological Dictionary of the Altaic Languages, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_language_families&oldid=982297587, Articles needing additional references from March 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from May 2019, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Europe, the Americas, Francophone Africa, parts of Asia, reconstructed common ancestor of all living languages, all languages in the Americas which do not belong to the, A dozen languages on west coast of North America.

In fact, more than twice the number of languages spoken across Europe can be found in Papua New Guinea alone. Beyond these language families, there exist many isolates, including: The following is a list of proposed language families, which connect established families into larger genetic groups; support for these proposals varies; the Dené–Yeniseian languages for example, are a recent proposal which has been generally well received, whereas reconstructions of the Proto-World language are often viewed as fringe science; proposals which are themselves based on other proposals have the likelihood of their parts noted in parentheses. UNESCO Interactive Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com. Updated estimates from 2010 are also provided.[11]. Map of World Languages. However, all such rankings should be used with caution, because it is not possible to devise a coherent set of linguistic criteria for distinguishing languages in a dialect continuum. Some countries have hundreds of languages. [6], The following languages are listed as having at least 10 million first language speakers in the 2019 edition of Ethnologue, a language reference published by SIL International, which is based in the United States. Language isolates are languages which are not part of any known family and they can be alternatively described as being its sole representants. Ethnologue 22 (2019) lists the following families as containing at least 1% of the 7,111 known languages in the world: Glottolog 4.0 (2019) lists the following as the largest families, of 8494 languages: Language counts can vary significantly depending on what is considered a dialect; for example Lyle Campbell counts only 27 Otomanguean languages, although he, Ethnologue and Glottolog also disagree as to which languages belong in the family.

Ethnologue: Languages of the World. While the vast majority of tongues fit this description fairly well, there are exceptions. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Indigenous Languages At present, 96 per cent of the world’s approximately 6,700 languages are spoken by only 3 per cent of the world’s population. But how many people actually speak them?

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